Rutgers School of Criminal Justice

Course Descriptions


New UG Course Numbers Effective Fall 2014


UNDERGRADUATE COURSE CATALOG
Note: The letter Q in the course number designates writing‐intensive courses.
Click title for course description

47:202:101 Crime and Crime Analysis (3 credits)

47:202:102 Criminology (3 credits)

47:202:103 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits)

47:202:203 Police and Society (3 credits)

47:202:204 Corrections (3 credits)

47:202:220 Reducing Local Crime (3 credits)

47:202:221 Case Processing: The Law and the Courts (3 credits)

47:202:222 Constitutional Issues in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

47:202:223 Delinquency and Juvenile Justice (3 credits)

47:202:224 Community Corrections (3 credits)

47:202:225 Criminal Justice: Ethical and Philosophical Foundations (3 credits)

47:202:301 Criminal Justice Research Methods (4 credits)

47:202:302 Data Analysis in Criminal Justice (4 credits)

47:202:312 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3 credits)

47:202:313 Gender, Crime, and Justice (3 credits)

47:202:322 Business and Crime (3 credits)

47:202:323 Cybercrime (3 credits)

47:202:324 Violent Crime (3 credits)

47:202:333 Race and Crime (3 credits)

47:202:342Q Contemporary Policing (3 credits)

47:202:343Q White Collar Crime (3 credits)

47:202:344Q Crime in Different Cultures (3 credits)

47:202:402 Contemporary Problems in Corrections (3 credits)

47:202:405 Research Seminar in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

47:202:406 Independent Study in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

47:202:410 Environmental Criminology (3 credits)

47:202:411 Juvenile Gangs and Co‐Offending (3 credits)

47:202:412 Organized Crime (3 credits)

47:202:421 Crime Mapping (3 credits)

47:202:422 Crime Over the Life Course (3 credits)

47:202:423 Mass Incarceration and Collateral Consequences (3 credits)

47:202:424 Miscarriages of Justice (3 credits)

47:202:425 Youth Violence (3 credits)

47:202:466 Topics in Criminal Justice – Vary per semester (3 credits)

47:202:499 Internship in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

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47:202:101 Crime and Crime Analysis (3 credits)

Examines criminal acts as events, where and when they occur, how they occur, who is present or absent, and how they can be prevented. This is a very practical course, which looks at specific types of crime in specific settings. Discusses problem‐oriented policing, situational crime prevention, crime analysis, environmental criminology, crime risks, and crime prevention through environmental design.

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47:202:102 Criminology (3 credits)

Crime and criminal behavior, theories, and research. Addresses the causes of crime and crime rates. United States and international comparisons are provided.

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47:202:103 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits)

Societal responses to people and organizations that violate criminal codes; police, courts, juries, prosecutors, defense, and correctional agencies. Includes the standards and methods used to respond to crime and criminal offenders; social pressures that enhance or impair the improvement of criminal laws; and the fair administration of criminal justice.

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47:202:203 Police and Society (3 credits)

The function of police in contemporary society; the problems arising between citizens and police from the enforcement and nonenforcement of laws, from social changes, and from individual and group police attitudes and practices.

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47:202:204 Corrections (3 credits)

Examines and analyzes the major types of custodial and community‐based criminal corrections in contemporary America. Discusses purposes of corrections, correctional organization, impact of corrections, and contemporary issues facing the field.

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47:202:220 Reducing Local Crime (3 credits) 

When urban governments and quasi‐governmental activities do their jobs well, they can greatly reduce various types of crime. This course relates urban design and management to crime and crime reduction. We consider public violence, abandonment, littering, public drunkenness, environmental degradation, safe parks, secure streets and campuses, robberies, teen hangouts, outdoor drug markets, and more. We apply problem oriented policing, routine activity analysis, and situational crime prevention to reducing local crime. Prerequisites – None, but 21:62:202:101 is recommended beforehand.

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47:202:221 Case Processing: The Law and the Courts (3 credits) 

The criminal laws and judicial opinions that influence the policies, procedures, personnel, and clients of the criminal justice system in New Jersey; the origin, development, and continuing changes in criminal law, administration of criminal justice, and the state’s criminal courts.

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47:202:222 Constitutional Issues in Criminal Justice (3 credits) 

Examines the Bill of Rights as it pertains to criminal justice practices and procedures. Also analyzes the important judicial opinions, trials, and congressional investigations and reports concerning criminal justice laws, policies, and practices.

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47:202:223 Delinquency and Juvenile Justice (3 credits)

Explores the causes and rates of delinquent behavior. Looks at the nature and operation of the juvenile justice system. Provides international comparisons.

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47:202:224 Community Corrections (3 credits)

The theory and practice of major community‐based correctional responses (such as probation, parole, and diversion programs) to convicted criminal offenders; community corrections as an important social movement and the countermovement to abolish the parole function.

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47:202:225 Criminal Justice: Ethical and Philosophical Foundations (3 credits)

Ethical and philosophical issues and moral dilemmas within the field of criminal justice, including principles of justice, deontology and utilitarianism, philosophical issues in sentencing, police and ethics, ethics and research, and the scope of state control.

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47:202:301 Criminal Justice Research Methods (4 credits)

Develops rudimentary tools needed for conducting research and writing reports and scholarly papers in criminal justice.

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47:202:302 Data Analysis in Criminal Justice (4 credits)

Examines the various types of data used within criminal justice and the fundamentals of statistics and analysis. Provides an analysis of the appropriate use of data, the limits of various methods, how data is collected, and how to interpret findings. Policy implications of data will also be discussed. Prerequisite: 21:62:202:301 and the basic undergraduate math requirement.

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47:202:312 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3 credits)

Approaches to law enforcement, criminal procedure and criminal law, corrections, and juvenile justice; worldwide overview of cultural and legal traditions related to crime.

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47:202:313 Gender, Crime, and Justice (3 credits)

An in‐depth survey of changing social values about gender, changing criminal codes about sex crimes, changing law enforcement policies and procedures in prosecuting sex offenders, and emerging legal doctrines about privacy and sexual rights.

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47:202:322 Business and Crime (3 credits)

Business is central for crime in a modern society. A majority of crimes are against business, by business, or affected closely by business. Indeed, businesses organize daily activities that lead to crime opportunities and victimization for ordinary citizens, including their own employees and customers. Finally, businesses sometimes engage in criminal activity. This course examines the many roles that business takes in crime and can take in preventing crime.

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47:202:323 Cybercrime (3 credits)

Cybercrime includes illicit attacks on personal computers, on computer systems, on people via computers, and more. It includes theft of information via computers, spreading of harmful code, stealing credit and other information, and more. Cybercrime can also occur at a very low technical level. This course examines the variety of cybercrime, its prevention, and its significance for law enforcement.

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47:202:324 Violent Crime (3 credits)

Provides an in‐depth analysis of the relationship between violence and criminal behavior. Assesses the theoretical bases of violence by looking at anthropological, biological, and sociological explanations. Looks at violence within the context of individual, group, and societal behavior.

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47:202:333 Race and Crime (3 credits)

This course examines explores how race is related to offending, victimization, and various interactions with the criminal justice system. The course considers how race is defined, as well as racial differences in patterns and trends. The course critically examines explanations of these racial differences.

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47:202:342Q Contemporary Policing (3 credits)

Critical law enforcement problems, including organized crime, alcohol, drugs, policing of civil and natural disturbances, and the diffusion and multiplicity of police agencies; crime reporting, assessment difficulties, and the public reaction; the administrative problems of staffing, supervision, employee morale and militancy, and public charges.

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47:202:343Q Whitecollar Crime (3 credits)

Crimes organized by persons whose economic, political, and privileged positions facilitate the commission; relative impunity of unusual crimes that are often national and international in scope and that have serious, long‐term consequences.

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47:202:344Q Crime in Different Cultures (3 credits)

Anthropological approach to crime as a pattern of social behavior. Crime and punishment in other societies, especially non‐Western societies that lack institutional systems of criminal justice; the social evolution of crime and crime‐related institutions in U.S. history; anthropological studies of people and organizations on both sides of the crime problem.

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47:202:402 Contemporary Problems in Corrections (3 credits)

The impact of alternatives to incarceration, the growing prisoner rights movement, strikes by correctional employees, and public resentment toward persistently high rates of recidivism; special study of issues concerning correctional education, job training, work release, and post-incarceration employment.

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47:202:405 Research Seminar in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

Develops rudimentary tools needed for conducting research and writing reports and scholarly papers in criminal justice. Requires special permission.

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47:202:406 Independent Study in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

Independent research or special project under faculty supervision.

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47:202:410 Environmental Criminology (3 credits)

Environmental criminology considers how the everyday environment provides opportunities for crime as well as obstacles for carrying it out. It provides important means for reducing crime by modifying or planning the built environment, and designing produces and places so crime is less opportune. Moreover, it offers an alternative theory of crime based on the opportunity to carry it out.

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47:202:411 Juvenile Gangs and CoOffending (3 credits)

This course explores juvenile street gangs, when they exist, when they are illusory, public reactions to them. It also considers co‐offending by juveniles who are not necessarily gang members. The course considers what membership in a gang means and when gangs are cohesive or not. It examines variations among juvenile street gangs, and contrasts these with other groups of co‐offenders that are sometimes called “gangs.”

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47:202:412 Organized Crime (3 credits)

Provides students a historical and theoretical overview of organized crime as well as a specific understanding of its variety. Students will gain an understanding of the structures of organized crime and the varieties of businesses associated with traditional and nontraditional organized crime groups.

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47:202:421 Crime Mapping (3 credits)

This course provides a practical introduction to analyzing and mapping crime and other public safety data using open-sourced and web-based applications, as well as ArcGIS geographic information system (GIS) software. Students will learn skills to make and analyze maps and will develop a solid base upon which to build further expertise in crime mapping and GIS.

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47:202:422 Crime Over the Life Course (3 credits)

This course examines the development of anti-social and criminal of behavior from childhood through old age, including patterns of onset, persistence, and desistance; what is known about why and how people start and stop committing crime at various ages and the different types of crime that are typically committed by people at different ages.

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47:202:423 Mass Incarceration and Collateral Consequences (3 credits)

Since 1970, incarceration rates in the United States have quintupled and are now higher than those in any other country in the world. These huge increases in mass incarceration over a short period of time have persisted through periods when crime was rising and even in the more recent time periods when crime has been falling. Apart from the dubious effects of mass incarceration on public safety suggested by these divergent trends, mass incarceration also has substantial collateral consequences across society, affecting families, communities, the labor market, the military, political processes, and the use of taxpayer dollars. This course examines trends in mass incarceration, their sources, and their direct and indirect effects on society.

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47:202:424 Miscarriages of Justice (3 credits)

The major purpose of this course is to provide a critical and interdisciplinary examination of the current functioning of the American criminal justice system, focusing specifically on the procedures used by various criminal justice actors that can lead to errors in case processing and unjust outcomes. We examine policies and practices of the American criminal justice system (e.g., police procedure, prosecution, jury selection, scientific evidence, appellate court procedures, etc.) that unintentionally contribute to the wrongful apprehension, prosecution, conviction, incarceration, and even execution of the innocent. Moreover, we explore the collateral consequences of punishing “false positives,” including implications for undermining the legitimacy of the criminal justice system and allowing impunity for culpable offenders who remain at-large.

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47:202:425 Youth Violence (3 credits)

Understanding and preventing youth violence is a major focus of the nation’s policy agenda and involves research and practice in the mental health, public health, psychiatry, and criminal justice communities. This course will focus on the assessment, development, prevention, and treatment of youth violence among children and adolescents. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, we will review the biological, social, and psychological underpinnings of youth violence and discuss how policymakers and practitioners at all levels deal with this problem.

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47:202:466 Topics in Criminal Justice – Vary per semester (3 credits)

Current issues and problems; topics vary. May be taken more than once for different topics.

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47:202:499 Internship in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

Requires special permission and junior or senior standing.

 

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GRADUATE COURSE CATALOG
Note: The letter Q in the course number designates writing‐intensive courses.
Click title for course description 

27:202:511 Foundations of Criminological Theory (3 credits)
27:202:516 Offender Rehabilitation  (3 credits) 
27:202:517 Violent Crime (3 credits) 
27:202:518 Contemporary Criminological Theory (3 credits) 
27:202:521 Criminal Justice Policy (3 credits) 
27:202:525 Justice, Law, and Policy (3 credits) 
27:202:528 Problem Analysis (3 credits) 
27:202:529 Planning and Evaluation (3 credits) 
27:202:531 Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions (3 credits) 
27:202:532 Corrections (3 credits) 
27:202:533 Policing (3 credits) 
27:202:535 Juvenile Justice (3 credits) 
27:202:536 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3 credits)                                                       27:202:537 Race, Crime and Justice  (3 credits)                                                                   27:202:539 Gender, Crime and Justice (3 credits) 
27:202:541 Foundations of Scholarship (3 credits) 
27:202:542 Introductory Statistics (3 credits) 
27:202:543 Intermediate Statistics (3 credits) 
27:202:553 Master’s Project Seminar (3 credits) 
27:202:555 J.D. /M.A. Degree Essay (6 credits) 
27:202:556 Fieldwork in Criminal Justice (3 credits)                                                                       27:202:602 Police and Crime Control  (3 credits)                                                                       27:202:605 Crime Mapping and GIS for Public Safety  (3 credits) 
27:202:610 Crime Control Theory and Research (3 credits) 
27:202:612 White Collar Crime (3 credits)                                                                                           27:202:613 Victimization (3 credits) 
27:202:614 Communities and Crime (3 credits) 
27:202:616 Environmental Crime Prevention (3 credits)                                                                   27:202:618 Human Smuggling and Trafficking  (3 credits) 
27:202:619 Organized Crime (3 credits) 
27:202:622 Gangs (3 credits) 
27:202:633 Evidence and Criminal Justice Policy  (3 credits) 
27:202:640 Research Methods  (3 credits) 
27:202:641 Advanced Statistics (3 credits) 
27:202:645 Advanced Scholarship (3 credits) 
27:202:647 Research Design for Causal Inference (3 credits) 
27:202:648 Qualitative Research Methods (3 credits) 
27:202:650 Independent Study (3 credits) 
27:202:652 Issues in Criminal Justice  (3 credits)                                                                           27:202:653 Issues in Criminology  (3 credits) 
26:202:701,702,703,704 Dissertation Research in Criminal Justice 
27:202:800 Matriculation Continued (M.A.) (E1)
26:202:800 Matriculation Continued (Ph.D.) (E-BA)
27:202:877 Teaching Assistantship 

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27:202:511 Foundation of Criminological Theory (3 credits)
This is the first course of a two-part graduate sequence introducing students to the major theories of crime and criminal justice.  It focuses on the foundations of criminological theory, with an emphasis on classical readings.  It familiarizes students with key research questions and assumptions of theoretical approaches, their core propositions and challenges for measurement/testing, as well as policy implications. Required Course – Ph.D.

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27:202:516 Offender Rehabilitation  (3 credits)
This course is designed to give graduate students a strong foundation in the theoretical underpinnings of offender rehabilitation and to examine current knowledge about best practices in promoting offender change. The course will examine interventions and programs in the context of correctional settings and in the community. In addition, the mechanisms of change related to personal identity will be examined, as will strengths based approaches to change.  Students should come away from the class with a sense of the state of the field concerning offender rehabilitation as well as practical concerns regarding program implementation and evaluation. The class will emphasize policy analysis and research experience.

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27:202:517 Violent Crime (3 credits)
Investigates and analyzes aggression and violence as forms of individual, group, and societal behavior. Includes an assessment of anthropological, biological, philosophical, political, and sociological theories. Combines student presentations and projects with lectures and tutorials.

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27:202:518 Contemporary Criminological Theory  (3 credits)                                                                   This is the second course in a two-part graduate sequence introducing students to the major theories of crime and criminal justice. It examines contemporary theoretical contributions in criminology and criminal justice. The aim is to familiarize students with key research questions and assumptions of contemporary theoretical approaches, their core propositions and challenges for measurement/testing, as well as policy implications. Prerequisite:  27:202:511.  Required Course – Ph.D.

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27:202:521 Criminal Justice Policy (3 credits)                                                                                               This course is designed to give doctoral students a broad overview of criminal justice policies. It examines the goals and values underlying justice policy, the social construction of crime problems and the process of policy development, and the ways that policies shape the day-to-day working of the criminal justice system. It also investigates the specific institutions of the criminal justice system including the juvenile justice system, police, courts, and the correctional system, as well as the specific activities and processes carried out by these entities. The course will also provide an overview of best practices for formulating and evaluating criminal justice policy. Required Course – Ph.D.

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27:202:525 Justice, Law, and Policy (3 credits)
Multidisciplinary overview of key institutions, processes, and policy issues regarding crime and justice. Includes readings and discussion on: traditional criminal justice institutions and processes; the role of private sector and community organizations in crime control; law and justice policy in a federal system; crime prevention and institutional responses to crime; emerging cross-national issues in crime, law, and policy.

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27:202:528 Problem Analysis (3 credits)
This course will focus on defining and analyzing problems commonly faced in justice and related agencies. Examples may be drawn from: inmate classification systems; institution population models and prediction; crime analysis; case tracking and analysis for community corrections; application of bail classification matrixes. Topics will include: problem statement and formulation; fundamentals of statistics and data analysis; and documentation and principles of measurement. Required Course – M.A.

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27:202:529 Planning and Evaluation (3 credits)
This course will focus on program planning and evaluation, the kinds of things executives, managers, and planning and oversight agencies do. Additional topics on statistics and other forms of analysis will be covered. The course will examine traditional evaluation designs and case studies, generally through an action research framework. Topics will include: logic modeling; evaluating/ assessing policies and programs; probability and nonprobability sampling; and overview of data collection techniques. Prerequisite 27:202:528. Required Course – M.A.

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27:202:531 Probation, Parole, and Intermediate Sanctions (3 credits)
Analysis of the theories and practices of probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions. Emphasis on understanding-as human service organizations-the functions of probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions. Special attention is given to policy developments in the field.

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27:202:532 Corrections (3 credits)
Traces the historical development of institutions for confine­ment and analyzes present trends in correctional practice. Reviews characteristics of various correctional policies and analyzes prison life. Special emphasis on current trends and controversies.

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27:202:533 Policing (3 credits)
Examines the police role and law enforcement policy, police organization, personnel issues, management, and operations, as well as coordination and consolidation of police service, police integrity, and community relations.

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27:202:535 Juvenile Justice (3 credits)
Focuses on history and philosophy of juvenile justice, landmark court cases, police handling of juveniles, the juvenile court, and juvenile corrections and rehabilitation.

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27:202:536 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3 credits)
Examines world crime and criminal justice surveys of the United Nations; analyzes the relationship between crime rates and differential criminal justice systems, as well as socioeconomic development indicators. In-depth analysis of different worldwide approaches to law enforcement, criminal procedure and criminal law, and juvenile justice and corrections.

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27:202:537 Race, Crime and Justice  (3 credits)
This course examines the overrepresentation of racial minorities in the criminal justice system.  Specifically, it will examine group differences in offending, processing, and victimization.  It also analyzes the ways that theory and practice intersect and are mediated by other social factors.

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27:202:539 Gender, Crime and Justice (3 credits)                                                                                         This course examines the role of gender in crime, criminology and criminal justice.  The course framework and readings emphasize theoretical frameworks brought to bear in the study of gender, emphasizing the social structures of gender, social constructions of gender, symbolic meaning systems, and intersections of race, class and gender.  Topics include the impact and nature of gender in crime commission, criminal victimization, and criminal justice processing.

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27:202:541 Foundations of Scholarship (3 credits)
Develops rudimentary tools needed for conducting research and for writing reports and scholarly papers in the field of criminal justice. Explores approaches to writing a research paper, report writing, forms of documentation, library resources, data sources, presentation techniques, legal research, and computer usage. Required Course – M.A.

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27:202:542 Introductory Statistics (3 credits)
This is the first course of a two-part graduate sequence in statistics. It is an introduction to statistics, and provides the background necessary for Intermediate Statistics. The topics to be covered include descriptive statistics, point and interval estimation, statistical inference, measures of association for discrete variables, and regression. No previous knowledge of statistics is necessary; however the course assumes that students will eventually use statistics in their own research.

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27:202:543 Intermediate Statistics (3 credits)
Provides students with sufficient theoretical background and practical experience to enable them to analyze multivariate interval and ratio-level data. Required Course Co-requisite: 27:202:640. Required Course – Ph.D.

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27:202:553 Master’s Project Seminar (3 credits)
Continuation of 27:202:528 and 529. This is the capstone class for all master’s students. This seminar-style class will examine how research informs policy. Students will produce a comprehensive research paper. Required Course – M.A. Prerequisites: 27:202:525, 528, 529, 541

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27:202:555 J.D. /M.A. Degree Essay (6 credits)                                                                                         The 6-credit paper is the heart of the joint-degree program. Intended to ensure that the cross-fertilization of disciplines is successful.

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27:202:556 Fieldwork in Criminal Justice (3 credits)
Firsthand experience in the day-to-day operation of a criminal justice program under the guidance and supervision of a faculty member and a practitioner in the field-placement area. M.A. course. Prerequisites: 9 credits of required coursework completed prior to enrollment. Interested students should meet with their advisers and fieldwork coordinator for further information.

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27:202:602 Police and Crime Control (3 credits)                                                                                      This class examines major police innovations, such as community policing, broken windows policing, problem-oriented policing, “pulling levers” policing, third-party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat, and evidence-based policing.  It considers the evidence on crime control and public safety impacts generated by these approaches, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, dilemmas these approaches have created for police management, and critical issues that persist for the policing profession in launching effective crime control strategies such as race, community engagement, and police legitimacy.

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27:202:605 Crime Mapping and GIS for Public Safety (3 credits)                                                            This course is an examination of techniques associated with the collection, display, analysis, and storage of spatial data, and the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for mapping crime patterns and understanding related public safety issues.

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27:202:610 Crime Control Theory and Research (3 credits)                                                                  Analyze theory and research on crime control, including theories of deterrence and social control, their applications in crime control strategies, and the impacts of crime control strategies based on general and specific deterrence, as well as incapacitation strategies. Review and critique research on the effects of criminal and civil legal sanctions and problems in implementing effective sanctions. Methodological issues in the research on crime control assessed. Research on applications of crime control theory to specific crime problems reviewed.

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27:202:612 White Collar Crime (3 credits)
Surveys the history and scope of the study of white collar crime. Discusses issues of definition, examines empirical evidence, and reviews the contributions of white collar crime studies.

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27:202:613 Victimization (3 credits)
This course examines the risks and consequences of crime for its victims.  Issues considered include victim-offender relationships, characteristics of victims, the nature of the injuries they experience, and criminal justice procedures that involve them.

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27:202:614 Communities and Crime (3 credits)
Surveys and analyzes literature on the demography and ecology of crime. Includes reviews of research and theory that address the influences of economics, demography, social organization, and political economy on crimes within cities and neighborhoods. Combines student presentations of published articles with lectures, tutorials, and student projects.

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27:202:616 Environmental Crime Prevention (3 credits)
Theoretical background to opportunity reducing crime prevention through situational prevention (including key concepts of rational choice and displacement) and its relationship to crime prevention through environmental design, defensible space, and problem- oriented policing. Case studies illustrate the practical and policy difficulties of situational prevention.

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27:202:618 Human Smuggling and Trafficking  (3 credits)
This course is an examination of two transnational criminal enterprises, the smuggling and trafficking of persons, that draw on similar criminal groups, methods, and motives.  It covers analytic approaches to studying the topics; the role of organized and other forms of crime to each; how agents operate in specific geographic contexts; and how state and non-state actors are responding to the smuggling and trafficking of persons.

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27:202:619 Organized Crime (3 credits)
Defines organized crime and its history and examines criminological theories to explain it. Also covers nontraditional or so-called emergent organized crime groups, such as urban street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs. Examines various investigation, prosecution, and sentencing policies, and considers the policy implications for the future.

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27:202:622 Gangs (3 credits)
This course examines theory, measurement and research on gangs and gang activity, including definitional issues; gangs in historical context; theories of gang formation; types of gangs; gang involvement in crime, drugs and violence; and gangs in the international context.  It also examines gang control programs and policies.

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27:202:633 Evidence and Criminal Justice Policy  (3 credits)
This course provides a critical introduction to (i) the policy-making process and the role of research evidence, and (ii) approaches to generating evidence about effective criminal justice policies. The course will highlight contemporary debates about the role of experimental and non-experimental research, the accumulation of knowledge, large-scale implementation of promising programs, factors that compete with evidence in real-world policy-making, and problematic consequences of evidence-based approaches.

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27:202:640 Research Methods  (3 credits)
Analyzes research strategies and methods for research in criminal justice and criminology. Includes analysis of links between theories and methods. Provides detailed review of quantitative and qualitative methods, including research design, sampling, measurement, data collection, and ethical concerns. Co-requisite: 27:202:543 Prerequisites: basic knowledge of research design in the social sciences. Required Course – Ph.D.

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27:202:641 Advanced Statistics (3 credits)
Topics vary from year to year and may include one or more of the following: design and analysis of longitudinal research, including time series analysis and panel models; quantitative methods for categorical and limited dependent variables; quasi-experimental methods for observational data; or other topics. The course may be repeated for credit when topics change. The use of computers for data analysis will be an integral part of the course.

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27:202:645 Advanced Scholarship (3 credits)
Preparation of a paper for submission to a peer-reviewed journal. All aspects of paper presentation addressed, and the differences between a paper for publication in a journal and other forms of professional writing (such as proposal- and report-writing) explored. May include synthesis of literature to prepare Core Area Plan. Prerequisite: 27:202:541 or enrollment in the doctoral program.

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27:202:647 Research Design for Causal Inference (3 credits)
This course will provide a tutorial on research design features (as opposed to statistical models) that enhance a researcher’s ability to establish cause-effect relationships. Such features generally include a well-defined intervention, a generalizable research setting, pre- and post-test measures, comparable treatment and comparison groups, and random assignment. The course will emphasize the potential threats to causal inference that arise when at least one of these elements is absent, compromised, or poorly approximated. Prerequisites: 27:202:542, 27:202:543, 27:202:640.

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27:202:648 Qualitative Research Methods (3 credits)
Ethnographic and qualitative field methods and their applications to problems of crime and criminal justice. Includes definition of appropriate research problems; data collection, interviewing, and participant observation; ethical issues of protecting human subjects; coding and analysis of qualitative data; inductive theory construction; presentation of findings; and coordinating qualitative with quantitative methods. Requires collection and analysis of some original data. Also includes microcomputer-based qualitative data analysis techniques. Prerequisites: 27:202:640.

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27:202:650 Independent Study (3 credits)
Study under the supervision and guidance of a faculty member. Prerequisite: 12 credits of course work completed prior to enrollment. Interested students should meet with their advisers for further information.

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27:202:652 Issues in Criminal Justice  (3 credits)
In-depth study of a particular topic in criminal justice.

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27:202:653 Issues in Criminology (3 credits  (3 credits)
In-depth study of a particular topic in criminology.

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26:202:701,702,703,704 Dissertation Research in Criminal Justice
Required of all students involved in preparation, data collection, and writing of Ph.D. doctoral dissertation.

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27:202:800 Matriculation Continued (M.A.) (E1)
26:202:800 Matriculation Continued (Ph.D.) (E-BA)
Individuals who do not wish to matriculate or work toward a degree may enroll in selected courses for two terms.

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27:202:877 Teaching Assistantship
Students who hold teaching assistantships are required to enroll in this course for 3 or 6 E credits per term.

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