Rutgers School of Criminal Justice

Emeritus Professors

Dr. Freda Adler

Dr. Adler is a founding faculty member of one of the first schools of criminal justice: The Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice. She is presently Director of the Master of Science Program in Criminology and Visiting Professor in the Department of Criminology, University of Pennsylvania; Professor Emeritus, School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University; and Permanent Representative to the United Nations of the Centro Nazionale di Prevenzione e Difesa Sociale. She is Past President of the American Society of Criminology. She served as Regional Secretary General (North America), International Society for Social Defense and as a member of the Board of Directors of the International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of United Nations Programs in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (ISPAC); the Hogeschool (University) van Amsterdam; and the Police Foundation, Washington D.C. She was a faculty member of the National Judicial College and a Visiting Fellow, Yale University

Dr. Adler received a B.A. (Sociology), M.A. (Criminology), and Ph.D. (Sociology) from the University of Pennsylvania.  She previously served as Research Director, Section on Drug and Alcohol Abuse and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Medical College of Pennsylvania; Professor II, Rutgers University; and Consultant to the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse, the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch, The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention,  the United Nations Secretary General, the U.S. Congress, various federal agencies and commissions, and over twenty foreign governments including Poland, Russia, Italy, Japan, China, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait,  Argentina, and the United Arab Emerites. She was co-organizer of the Bilateral Think Tank with the USSR Academy of Sciences and the American Council of Learned Societies.

Dr. Adler is co-editor, Advances in Criminological Theory; Editorial Consultant, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology; and on the Editorial Advisory Boards of Criminal Justice Studies, Women in Criminal Justice, European Journal of Criminology, and The American Sociologist. Her published works include over 20 books as author or co-author, nine books as editor and over 100 scientific articles, monographs, published reports and governmental testimonies.  Her books include Politics, Crime and the International scene (1972), Drug Abuse and Its Prevention (1974), A Systems Approach to Drug Abuse (1974), Medical Lollypop (1974), Sisters in Crime (1975), The Criminology of Deviant Women (1979), The Incidence of Female Criminality in the Contemporary World (1981), Nations Not Obsessed With Crime (1983), Outlaws of the Ocean (1985), Criminology and Criminology and the Criminal Justice System (1991, l994, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2012),  New Directions in Criminological Theory (1993), Criminal Justice: An Introduction (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2011),  The Legacy of Anomie Theory  (1995), and  The Criminology of the Criminal Law (1999). Her books have been translated into several languages. She has been an invited lecturer in fifteen countries worldwide.

Dr. Adler is the recipient (2011) of the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Scranton. She is Fellow of the Max-Planck Institute of Foreign and International Criminal Law; Fellow of the American Society of Criminology; recipient of the Beccaria Medal in Gold (German Criminological Society), the Herbert Block Award of the American Society of Criminology, the Founder’s Award of The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the first Distinguished Alumna Award of the Department of Criminology, University of Pennsylvania, and the Fellows Award of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. The International Section of the American Society of Criminology presents it annual Distinguished Scholar Award in her honor.


Dr. James Finckenauer

James O. Finckenauer, PhD, Professor Emeritus and Professorial Fellow, Rutgers University, Newark., NJ — Served the School of Criminal Justice from 1974 to 2011 as an Associate Professor, Professor I and Professor II.  He was one of the founding faculty members during the creation of the school.  Over the years, his research and teaching interests included international and comparative criminal justice, transnational organized crime, and criminal and juvenile justice policy, planning and evaluation.  He authored, co-authored or co-edited ten books, as well as numerous articles, chapters and reports.  During his Rutgers tenure, Professor Finckenauer edited both the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency and Trends in Organized Crime.  He also served as President of the NJ Council of Educational Institutions for Law Enforcement, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime. He was a visiting professor in Australia, China, Germany, Japan, and Russia, and studied or lectured in Europe, Asia, the former Soviet Union, Latin America and the Middle East. From 1998-2002, he was Director of the International Center at the National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice, while on academic leave; and in 2007 he was a Fulbright Senior Specialist in Hong Kong.  Dr. Finckenauer continues to serve Rutgers as a member of the Core Faculty of the Division of Global Affairs, and Co-editor of the Online Journal of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Book Reviews.


Dr. George Kelling

George L. Kelling is a graduate of St. Olaf College (B.A.), the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (M.S.W.), and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Ph.D.).  Kelling is a Professor Emeritus in the School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers Newark University, and senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute.  Formerly he was a professor in criminal justice at Northeastern University and a fellow in the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.  He has practiced social work as a childcare worker, a probation officer, and has administered residential care programs for aggressive and disturbed youths.  In 1972, Kelling began work at the Police Foundation and conducted several large-scale experiments, most notably the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment and the Newark Foot Patrol Experiment.  The latter was the source of his contribution to his most familiar publication in the Atlantic, “Broken Windows,” with James Q. Wilson.  During the late 1980s, Kelling developed the order maintenance policies in the New York City subway that ultimately led to radical crime reductions.  Later, he consulted with the New York City and Los Angeles Police Departments under William Bratton.  His most notable major publication is Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Order and Reducing Crime in Our Communities that he has published with his wife, Catherine M. Coles. Dr. Kelling has lectured, consulted, and conducted research in cities throughout the United States as well as in South and Central America, Europe, Japan, and Australia. Currently, Kelling is working on two books, The Rediscovery of Policing, with William Bratton and Catherine Coles and Milwaukee and Police Reform.  He continues to consult with the Milwaukee Police Department under Chief Edward Flynn, the Boston Police Department under Commissioner Ed Davis, and the Detroit Police Department under Chief Ralph Godbee.