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Publications

2020

By Faculty, By Students

Caplan, J. M., Kennedy, L. W., & Neudecker, C. H.* (2020). Cholera deaths in Soho, London, 1854: Risk terrain modeling for epidemiological investigations. PLOS ONE, 1-11.

Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM) is a spatial analysis technique used to diagnose environmental conditions that lead to hazardous outcomes. Originally developed for applications to violent crime analysis, RTM is utilized here to analyze Dr. John Snow’s data from the 1854 cholera outbreak in London to demonstrate its potential value to contemporary epidemiological investigations. Dr. Snow... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Caplan, J.M., Neudecker, C.H.*, Kennedy, L.W., Barnum, J.D. and Drawve, G. (2020). Tracking risk for crime throughout the day: An Examination of Jersey City robberies. Criminal Justice Review. December 2021.

This study examines temporal variations in the spatial influence of environmental features, such as bars and vacant buildings, on criminal behavior across microlevel places. Specifically, 17 environmental risk factors and their spatial influences are identified for calendar year 2014 street robberies in Jersey City, NJ. To explore temporal variation, risk factors and their spatial influences... Learn More

By Faculty

Leverentz, A, Chen, E. & Christian, J. (2020). Beyond recidivism: New approaches to research on prisoner reentry and reintegration. New York: New York University Press.

Prison in the United States often has a revolving door, with droves of formerly incarcerated people ultimately finding themselves behind bars again. In Beyond Recidivism, Andrea Leverentz, Elsa Y. Chen, and Johnna Christian bring together a leading group of interdisciplinary scholars to examine this phenomenon using several approaches to research on recently released prisoners returning to... Learn More

By Faculty

Petrossian, G. and Clarke, R.V. (2020).  Disaggregating illegal fishing losses for the 22 countries of the West African Coast. Maritime Studies, DOI 10.1007/s40152-020-00197-9, 2020

The 22 countries of the Western African coast constitute one of the world’s most vulnerable regions for illegal fishing. Much is known about the region’s losses to illegal fishing, but less about the losses experienced by the region’s individual countries when compared in relation to each other. Guided by environmental criminology, these losses are examined... Learn More

By Faculty

Scott , M.S. & Clarke, R.V (2020).  Problem-oriented policing: Successful case studies. Abington, Oxon, New York, NY: Routledge.

Problem-Oriented Policing: Successful Case Studies is the first systematic and rigorous collection of effective problem-oriented policing projects. It includes more than twenty case studies from among the thousands of projects submitted for the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. The volume describes in detail the case studies and explains the wider significance of each... Learn More

By Faculty

Clear, T. R. & Montagnet, C. L. (2020). Impact of incarceration on community public safety and public health. In Improving Public Health Through Correctional Health Care. 2nd ed, Greifinger, R. (ed). NY: Springer.

The purpose of the paper is to provide data and theory to support three propositions: Incarceration rates have grown in concentrated ways, especially effecting poor minority males who come from impoverished neighborhoods. High levels of incarceration, concentrated in impoverished neighborhoods, damage the social capital of those who live there, destabilizing the capacity for informal social... Learn More

By Faculty

Zgoba, K., & Clear, T. R. (2020). A review of the reality of violent criminal offending and the administration of justice. Criminal Justice Policy Review.

Policy makers have recently been exploring methods to reduce incarceration. Most current proposals for reducing incarceration exclude people in prison who were convicted of violent crimes. This article considers violence exclusion from criminal justice reform by examining a sample released from New Jersey’s prisons (n = 375). We assess the hidden nature of the violence... Learn More

By Faculty

Clear, T. R., & Frost, N. (2020). Coercive mobility in an era of declining prison populations. In Criminal justice theory: Explanations and effects, Johnson, C.L.,  Chouhy, C., & Cochran, J. (eds). Advances in criminological theory, 26. New York: Routledge.

Criminal Justice Theory: Explanations and Effects undertakes a systematic study of theories of the criminal justice system, which historically have received very little attention from scholars. This is a glaring omission given the risk of mass imprisonment, the increasing presence of police in inner-city communities, and the emergence of new policy initiatives aimed at improving the... Learn More

By Faculty

Yi, Y., Edwards, F.R., & Wildeman, C. (2020).  Cumulative prevalence of confirmed maltreatment and foster care placement for US children by race/ethnicity, 2011 – 2016.  American Journal of Public Health, 110, 704-709.

Objectives. To estimate the cumulative prevalence of confirmed child maltreatment and foster care placement for US children and changes in prevalence between 2011 and 2016.Methods. We used synthetic cohort life tables and data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System and the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System and population counts from the... Learn More

By Faculty

Wildeman, C., Edwards F.R. & Wakefield, S. (2020).  The Cumulative prevalence of termination of parental rights for U.S. children, 2000-2016.  Child Maltreatment, 25, 32-42.

Recent research has used synthetic cohort life tables to show that having a Child Protective Services investigation, experiencing confirmed maltreatment, and being placed in foster care are more common for American children than would be expected based on daily or annual rates for these events. In this article, we extend this literature by using synthetic... Learn More

By Faculty

Wakefield, S., & Andersen, L. H. (2020). Pretrial detention and the costs of system overreach for employment and family life. Sociological Science, 7,  342-366.

Pretrial detention, or incarceration prior to a legal finding of criminal responsibility, is common the world over. In most countries, between 10 and 40 percent of all prisoners are pretrial or remand detainees. The United States holds the largest absolute number of detainees, but the Americas and parts of Asia have increased their rates of... Learn More

By Faculty

Lageson, S. (2020). Digital punishment: Privacy, stigma, and the harms of data-driven criminal justice. Oxford University Press.

The proliferation of data-driven criminal justice operations creates millions of criminal records each year in the United States. Documenting everything from a police stop to a prison sentence, these records take on a digital life of their own as they are collected by law enforcement and courts, posted on government websites, re-posted on social media,... Learn More

By Faculty

Lageson, S. (2020). The purgatory of digital punishment. Slate.

It doesn’t matter whether they’re accurate—criminal records are all over the internet, where anyone can find them. And everyone does. On a frozen December day in Minneapolis, William walked into a free legal aid seminar, to try to fix his criminal record. Lumbering toward a lawyer, his arms full of paperwork, William tried to explain... Learn More