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By Faculty

Hagan, J., McCarthy, B., & Herda, D. (2021). Racist torture and the code of silence: A situational analysis of sidebar secrecy and legal cynicism in the trial of Jon Burge. Du Bois Review 1-30.

We join Eduardo Bonilla-Silva’s structural theory of the racialized U.S. social system with a situational methodology developed by Arthur L. Stinchcombe and Irving Goffman to analyze how law works as a mechanism that connects formal legal equality with legal cynicism. The data for this analysis come from the trial of a Chicago police detective, Jon... Learn More

By Faculty

Hyatt, J., Baćak, V., & Kerrison, E. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine refusal and related factors: Preliminary findings from a system-wide survey of correctional staff. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 33(4), 272–277.

n partnership with the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections (PADOC), a team including BIDS Faculty Affiliate Erin M. Kerrison (and colleagues Jordan M. Hyatt and Valerio Baćak) administered an electronic survey to a diverse sample of PADOC correctional staff (n=4,232) about their perceived exposure to COVID-19 while working, perceptions of vaccine safety, and willingness to accept a no-cost vaccination.  (1)... Learn More

By Faculty

Silver, J.R., & Berryessa, C.M. (2021). Remorse, perceived offender immorality, and lay sentencing preferences. Journal of Experimental Criminology.

Objective We examine whether affective, verbal, and restitutive displays of remorse are associated with perceived offender immorality, as well as whether displays of remorse exert indirect effects on preferences for criminal sentencing via perceived offender immorality.  Method Data are from an online survey, which included a sentencing vignette with experimental manipulations for offender remorse and... Learn More

By Faculty

Kennedy, L. W., Caplan, J. M., & Drawve, G. (2021). Data-Informed Crime Prevention at Convenience Stores in Atlantic City. Police Practice and Research.

The Atlantic City Police Department intervened to reduce robberies with an evidence-based approach grounded in problem-oriented policing. Informed by risk terrain modeling and hot spot analysis, police commanders implemented a place-based intervention focused around convenience stores. Target areas throughout the city were reprioritized each month to create a dynamic deployment strategy that efficiently allocated resources... Learn More

By Faculty

Kennedy, L. W., Caplan, J. M., Garnier, S. Lersch, K., Miró-Llinares, F., Gibbs Van Brunschot, E. E., & Lopez, D. (2021). Using evidence based analytics to create narratives for police decision making [Editorial Introduction]. Frontiers in Psychology.

Pressure for reform of modern policing has come from the combined demands of greater accountability, transparency and citizen demand for more culturally sensitive responses. The community policing strategies that have emerged from these reforms have led to an increased interest in the ways that police manage decision making when applying principles of crime control and... Learn More

By Faculty

Matejkowski, J. & Ostermann, M. (2021).  The waiving of parole consideration by inmates with mental illness and recidivism outcomes.  Criminal Justice and Behavior, 48(8), 1052-1071.

For many adults leaving prison, parole supervision can provide the support necessary for successful adjustment to community life. Those leaving prison who have a mental illness (MI) may benefit particularly from such services. However, many people who are incarcerated waive their opportunity for parole and choose instead to “max out” their sentences. This study explores... Learn More

By Faculty

McCarthy, B., Jansson, M., & Benoit, C. (2021). Job attributes and mental health: A comparative study of sex work and hairstyling. Social Science 10,

A growing literature advocates for using a labor perspective to study sex work. According to this approach, sex work involves many of the costs, benefits, and possibilities for exploitation that are common to many jobs. We add to the field with an examination of job attributes and mental health. Our analysis is comparative and uses... Learn More

By Faculty

Ostermann, M. (2021).  Recidivism of Low-Risk People that Receive Residential Community-Based Corrections Programs: The Role of Risk Contamination. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 

Placing low-risk individuals into residential community-based correctional programs often results in minimal or iatrogenic impacts upon recidivism. Contamination through exposure to higher-risk program participants is a mechanism that has been used to explain these effects. This study empirically explores this phenomenon.  A series of survival models examine data from low-risk paroled people released from a... Learn More

By Faculty

Ostermann, M. & Hyatt, J.M. (2021).  Parole Officer Decision Making Before Parole Revocation: Why Context is Key when Delivering Correctional Services.  Criminal Justice Policy Review.

Back-end sentencing is the discretionary, administrative process through which individuals on parole are returned to prison for violating the requirements of their supervised release. Parole officers play a crucial role in this process as they are the witnesses to the rule-breaking behaviors of people on parole supervision and ultimately must initiate the back-end sentencing process.... Learn More

By Faculty

Rocha Beardall, T., & Edwards, F. (2021).  Abolition, settler colonialism, and the persistent threat of Indian child welfare. Columbia Journal of Race and Law11(3), 533–574.

Family separation is a defining feature of the U.S. government’s policy to forcibly assimilate and dismantle American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) tribal nations. The historical record catalogues the violence of this separation in several ways, including the mass displacement of Native children into boarding schools throughout the 19th century and the widespread adoption of... Learn More

By Faculty

Xu, Y., Berryessa, C. M., Dowd, M. Penta, D. & Coley, J.D. (2021). Essentialist thinking predicts culpability and sentencing judgments. Psychology, Crime and Law.

People often perceive social groups (e.g. ethnic groups, occupations, gender groups) as having fixed membership and discrete boundaries. This paper proposes that essentialist beliefs about abstract crime concepts, as naturally defined and universally coherent, play a role in culpability and sentencing judgments. In three studies, a general sample of college students (Study 1, n = 52), a lay... Learn More


By Faculty

Bonne, S., Tufariello, A., Coles, Z., Hohl, B., Ostermann, M., Boxer, P., Sloan-Power, E., Gusmano, M., Glass, N., Kunac, A., & Livingston, D. (2020). Identifying participants for inclusion in hospital based violence intervention: An analysis of 18 years of urban firearm recidivism. The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 89(1), 68-73.

Identifying individuals at highest risk maximizes efficacy of prevention programs in decreasing recidivist gunshot wound (GSW) injury. Characteristics of GSW recidivists may identify this population. Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) are one effective strategy; however, programs are expensive, therefore, when possible, epidemiologic data should guide inclusion criteria.  Seventeen years of all GSW patients presenting to an... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Bhardwaj, N.*, & Apel, R. (2020). Societal gender inequality and the gender gap in safety perceptions: Comparative evidence from the international crime victims survey. European Journal of Criminology. 

This study considers whether societal gender inequality moderates the relationship between gender and perceptions of personal safety. Pooled 1992–2005 rounds of the International Crime Victims Survey, comprising more than 285,000 respondents from 75 countries, are used to estimate multilevel models of safety perceptions, with a cross-level interaction specified between gender and gender inequality. We find... Learn More

By Faculty

Demir, M., Apel, R., Braga, A.A., Brunson, R.K., & Ariel, B. (2020). Body worn cameras, procedural justice, and police legitimacy: A controlled experimental evaluation of traffic stops. Justice Quarterly 37: 53-84.

Police legitimacy is generally regarded as a view among community members that police departments play an appropriate role in implementing rules governing public conduct. Placing body worn cameras (BWCs) on police officers has been suggested as a potentially important response to police legitimacy crises. We use a rigorous controlled quasi-experimental evaluation to test the impact... Learn More