loading content..

Publications

By Faculty

Ostermann, M.* & Hyatt, J.M. (2016). Is something better than nothing? The effect of short terms of mandatory parole supervision. Justice Quarterly, 33(5), 785-810.

This article reports the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation of a mandatory early parole program. New Jersey’s Statutory Early Release (SER) law required that all inmates, with few exceptions, be released onto parole six months before the expiration of their sentence. SER participants (n = 405) were matched using propensity scores to two groups of similar offenders who... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Matejkowski, J., Conrad, A. A.*, & Ostermann, M.*(2017). Does early onset of criminal behavior differentiate for whom serious mental illness has a direct or indirect effect on recidivism? Law and Human Behavior,41(1), 68-79.

The involvement of people with serious mental illness (SMI) with the justice system may be a direct result of their disruptive/unsafe expression of psychiatric symptoms being responded to by law enforcement. SMI may also indirectly contribute to justice involvement, through exposure to environmental and social learning processes that place people with SMI at risk for... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Boxer, P., Docherty, M.*, Ostermann, M.*, Kubik, J., & Vesey, B.M.*(2017). Effectiveness of multisystemic therapy for gang-involved youth offenders: One year follow-up analysis of recidivism and outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review, 73: 107-112.

The objective of this investigation was to examine the longer-term (12 months post-discharge) outcomes of gang involved and uninvolved youth who were referred for Multisystemic Therapy by their local justice authorities. This is the first systematic investigation of longer-term outcomes for gang-involved youth in treatment. From an initial sample of 421 youth, we applied an... Learn More

By Faculty

Ostermann, M.* & Hyatt, J.M.(2018). When frontloading backfires: Exploring the impact of outsourcing correctional interventions on mechanisms of social control. Law and Social Inquiry, 43(4), 1308-1339.

This study demonstrates the effects of frontloading rehabilitative services to parolees through third-party residential and community-based programs. Although outsourcing treatment responsibilities to contracted reentry facilities is an increasingly common feature of postrelease supervision, the role these facilities play in reentry management and recidivism outcomes remains largely unexplored. Here, several common recidivism outcomes for parolees who... Learn More

By Faculty

Hyatt, J.M. & Ostermann, M.* (2019). Better to stay home: Evaluating the impact of day reporting centers on offending. Crime & Delinquency, 65(1), 94-121.

This article reports the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation of community resource centers (CRCs)—nonresidential, day reporting centers employed for recent parolees. CRC participants (n = 2,789), drawn from release cohorts in 2008, 2009, and 2010, were matched using propensity scores to similar parolees who did not participate in CRC programming (n = 16,500). At the... Learn More

By Faculty

Bonne, S., Tufariello, A., Coles, Z., Hohl, B., Ostermann, M.*, Boxer, P., Sloan-Power, E., Gusmano, M., Glass, N., Kunac, A., & Livingston, D. (2020). Identifying participants for inclusion in hospital based violence intervention: An analysis of 18 years of urban firearm recidivism. The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 89(1), 68-73.

Identifying individuals at highest risk maximizes efficacy of prevention programs in decreasing recidivist gunshot wound (GSW) injury. Characteristics of GSW recidivists may identify this population. Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) are one effective strategy; however, programs are expensive, therefore, when possible, epidemiologic data should guide inclusion criteria.  Seventeen years of all GSW patients presenting to an... Learn More

By Faculty

Ostermann, M.*,Hyatt, J.M., & DeWitt, S. (2020). The influence of technical violation revocations on parole efficacy: Employing competing risks survival analyses to address methodological challenges. Journal of Crime and Justice, 43(3), 323-341.

Failures among the community supervision population are a major contributor to prison populations. Revocations of parole supervision due to technical parole violations (TPRs) often result in the incarceration of a parolee for violating the terms of their supervised release. This study employs several strategies for integrating TPRs into the construct of recidivism, a common outcome... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V.*, Thurman, K., Eyer, K., Qureshi, R., Bird, J. D., Rivera, L. M., & Kim, S. A. (2018). Incarceration as a health determinant for sexual orientation and gender minority persons. American Journal of Public Health, 108(8), 994-999.

Incarceration is considerably more prevalent among sexual and gender minority persons (SGM) than among the general population. Once behind bars, they are at the greatest risk for health-related harms. Although a growing number of studies have assessed health disparities produced by mass incarceration, scholars are yet to systematically assess the health consequences of incarceration on... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V.*, Andersen, L. H., & Schnittker, J. (2019). The effect of timing of incarceration on mental health: Evidence from a natural experiment. Social Forces, 98(1), 303-328.

There is growing evidence that incarceration is associated with adverse health outcomes, but little is known about how circumstances surrounding incarceration relate to health. In the present study, we estimate the effect of timing of incarceration on mental health using panel data constructed from the Danish population registry. We exploit a 1994 criminal justice reform... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V.*, & Kennedy, E. H. (2019). Principled machine learning using the super learner: An application to predicting prison violence. Sociological Methods & Research, 48(3), 698-721

A rapidly growing number of algorithms are available to researchers who apply statistical or machine learning methods to answer social science research questions. The unique advantages and limitations of each algorithm are relatively well known, but it is not possible to know in advance which algorithm is best suited for the particular research question and... Learn More