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By Faculty

Baćak, V. & Apel, R. (In press). The thin blue line of health: Police contact and wellbeing in Europe. Social Science & Medicine.

Increasing evidence suggests that even minor forms of contact with the criminal justice system-such as being stopped by police-may be implicated in poor health. Police use of force can increase the risk of physical injury, whereas interactions accompanied by abusive rhetoric or threats can lead to psychological and emotional harm. Police contact may also have... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V., DeWitt, S., & Reid, S. (In press). Gang membership and mental health during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Objectives: There is an increasing understanding that mental health may be a collateral consequence of joining a gang. The objective of the present study is to assess the effect of gang joining on a set of diverse mental health outcomes that include depression, anxiety, hostility, and paranoid ideation. Methods: To reduce bias in our comparisons,... Learn More

By Faculty

de Vel-Palumbo, M. & Berryessa, C.M.  (2022). When bad things happen to rotten people: Indifference to incidental harms in the criminal justice system. Psychology, Crime and Law.

When we see others in pain, sympathy is often our instinctive and expected response. Yet in some cases, we may be indifferent to—and even take pleasure in—the suffering of others. Particularly, the public has historically expressed apathy toward and even endorsement of incidental harms experienced by those in the criminal justice system (i.e. catching a disease or... Learn More

By Faculty

Hagan, J., McCarthy, B., & Herda, D. (2022). Chicago’s reckoning: Racism, politics, and the deep history of policing in an American city. New York: Oxford University Press.

A searing examination of the long history of police misconduct and political corruption in Chicago that produced the city’s current racial reckoning Chicago faces a racial reckoning. For over 50 years, Chicago Mayors Richard J. and Richard M. Daley were at the helm of a law-and-order dynasty that disadvantaged predominantly Black and Brown neighborhoods and... Learn More

By Faculty

Semenza, D., Griffiths, E., Xu, J., & Stansfield, R. (2022). Firearms dealers and local gun violence: A street network analysis of shootings and concentrated disadvantage in Atlanta. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.

Without consideration of concentrated neighborhood disadvantage, firearm dealers and shootings are spatially unrelated to one another. Tract-level disadvantage influences the relationship between firearm dealers and shootings wherein dealers significantly attract shootings in disadvantaged neighborhoods. Conversely, shootings are located further from gun stores in non-disadvantaged communities. Shootings related to manslaughter and assault, but not robbery, are... Learn More

By Faculty

Shi, L., Silver, J. R., & Hickert, A. (In press.) Conceptualizing and measuring public stigma towards people with prison records. Criminal Justice and Behavior.

Public stigma towards people with prison records hinders reentry initiatives. Although it is widely discussed in corrections, its measurement has been study-specific. Based on existing literature, we develop and test a multidimensional public stigma scale. We examine the factor structure and dimensionality of the scale using a Qualtrics Panel sample of U.S. adults (N =... Learn More


By Faculty

Caplan, J. M., Kennedy, L. W., Drawve, G., & Baughman, J. (2021). Data-Informed and Place-Based Violent Crime Prevention: The Kansas City, Missouri Risk-Based Policing Initiative. Police Quarterly.

The Kansas City, Missouri Police Department sought to reduce violent crime with an evidence-based approach to problem analysis and intervention planning. Informed by hot spot analysis and risk terrain modeling, police and their community partners implemented a place-based crime intervention program focused on key attractors and generators of the environmental backcloth. Target and comparison areas... Learn More

By Faculty

Hastings, C., Thomas, C., Ostermann, M., Hyatt, J.M., & Payne, S. (2021).  Reducing Missed Appointments for Probation and Parole Supervision: A Randomized Experiment with Text Message Reminders.  Cambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing. 

Research Question Can text message reminders reduce missed appointments with probation or parole officers by clients under community supervision? Data In collaboration with Arkansas Community Corrections (ACC), 4,000 clients under community supervision were selected and tracked for attendance at scheduled supervision meetings from October 1, 2018, through April 15, 2019, with a test sample of... Learn More

By Faculty

Skove, A., Berryessa, C.M., Schaible, L., & Aissam, I. (2021). Justice in the new digital era: The pitfalls and benefits of rapid technology adoption by courts.In C. Campbell, J. Holtzclaw, and D. Alicea-Lozada. (Eds.), Trends in State Courts 2021. Williamsburg, VA: NCSC.

Courts occupy a unique position in the justice system that is steeped in tradition and formality. Likewise, any changes from established procedure are likely to invite challenges to decisions and outcomes based on their legal and constitutional implications. As such, it should be no surprise that courts have been slow to embrace technological advances. The... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V. & Apel, R. (2021). Police fairness and legitimacy across the post-communist divide in Europe. Law & Society Review, 55(3), 473-495.

In the present study, we compared two European regions with deeply contrasting policing traditions—post-communist countries and established democracies—to explore whether political history may have long-term consequences for police–public interactions. Using data from 26 countries that participated in the 2010 European Social Survey, we first measured and compared the prevalence of police-initiated contact and satisfaction with... Learn More

By Faculty

Baćak, V., Mausolf, J., & Schwarz, C. (2021). How comprehensive are media-based data on police officer-involved shootings? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36, 55-65.

In the absence of systematic data collection by the state and federal governments, efforts to collect information on officer-involved shootings (OIS) have been assumed by the public and news agencies. In a combination of journalistic reporting and what is known as crowdsourcing, media and masses of individuals volunteer their time to identify OIS incidents and... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Baćak, V., Wilson, L.*, & Bright, K.* (2021). Gendered association between sexual self- identification and police encounters perceived as unfair. Annals of Epidemiology, 63, 41-45.

Policing is a critical public health issue for minority populations. Yet few studies have examined policing among sexual minority persons, a group that has long been a target of punitive action by law enforcement. The purpose of this study was to examine whether sexual self-identification is associated with ever having been unfairly stopped, searched, or... Learn More