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By Faculty

Berryessa, C.M. (2019). Judicial stereotyping associated with genetic essentialist biases toward mental disorders and potential negative effects on sentencing. Law & Society Review 53(1): 202-238.

This research, utilizing qualitative methodology with grounded theory, develops a model that illuminates a process by which judicial stereotyping associated with genetic essentialist biases toward mental disorders may affect judges’ views regarding the sentencing and punishment of offenders with mental disorder diagnoses presented or understood to be genetically influenced. Data, collected through interviews with a... Learn More

By Faculty

Berryessa, C.M. and Wohlstetter, B. (2019). The psychopathic “label” and effects on punishment outcomes: A meta-analysis. Law and Human Behavior 43(1): 9-25.

The current study, using a meta-analytic approach and moderation analysis, examines 22 studies reporting how psychopathic “labeling” influences perceptions on 3 punishment outcomes (dangerousness, treatment amenability, and legal sentence/sanction) for 2 types of experimental studies utilizing vignettes: (a) studies in which a defendant with a psychopathic “label” is compared to a defendant with no mental... Learn More

By Faculty

Caplan, J. M., Kennedy, L. W., Pizza, E. L. & Barnum, H. D. (2019). Using vulnerability and exposure to improve robbery prediction and target area selection. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy. 1-24.

A large body of research has found that crime is much more likely to occur at certain places relative to others. Attempting to capitalize on this finding to maximize crime prevention, many police administrators have sought to narrow their department’s operational focus and allocate resources and attention to the most problematic locations. However, in the... Learn More

By Faculty

Drawve, G., Caplan, J. M., & Ostermann, M. (2019). Utilizing a risk of crime measure for recidivism research: Moving environmental corrections forward. Crime & Delinquency. 65(5), 606-629.

The current study expands recidivism research by developing a risk of crime (ROC) measure rooted in environmental criminology, reflecting the risk of criminal opportunities, and lending itself to environmental corrections. Data were collected from a city in the Northeast region of the United States. The ROC measure was constructed through risk terrain modeling and reflected... Learn More

By Faculty

Panuccio, L. and Christian, J. (2019). Work, family, and masculine identity: An intersectional approach to understanding young, black men’s experiences of reentry. Race and Justice. 9(4): 407-433.

Through a qualitative study of the reintegration experiences of African American men, aged 18–25, we heed Fader and Traylor’s call for intersectional analyses of desistance and reentry. The current study draws from prior works to analyze the processes of “adultification” among economically disadvantaged African American young men and the impact of postincarceration employment challenges on... Learn More

By Faculty

Edwards, F.R. (2019).  Family surveillance: Police and the reporting of child abuse and neglect.  The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of The Social Sciences, 5, 50-70.

Police are responsible for producing about one-fifth of all reports of child abuse and neglect investigated by local child welfare agencies, and low-level interactions with police often result in the initiation of a child welfare investigation. Because police contact is not randomly or equitably distributed across populations, policing has likely spillover consequences on racial inequities... Learn More

By Faculty

Fernandes, A, Edwards, F.R., Cadigan, M., & Harris, A. (2019).  Monetary sanctions: A Review of revenue generation, legal challenges, and reform.  Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 15, 397-413.

The Ferguson Report became a watershed moment for understanding the costs and consequences of the monetary sanctions system for communities of color. Since that time, myriad reports, studies, and commissions have uncovered evidence that suggests that Ferguson, Missouri, was not an outlier but rather part of a broader set of systems throughout the country that... Learn More

By Faculty

Edwards, F.R., Lee, H., & Esposito, M. (2019).  Risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States by age, race–ethnicity, and sex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116, 16793-16798.

We use data on police-involved deaths to estimate how the risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States varies across social groups. We estimate the lifetime and age-specific risks of being killed by police by race and sex. We also provide estimates of the proportion of all deaths accounted for... Learn More

By Faculty

Howell, J.C. and Griffiths, E. (2019). Gangs in America’s Communities (3 Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gangs in America’s Communities, Third Edition blends theory with current research to help readers identify essential features associated with youth violence and gangs, as well as apply strategies for gang control and prevention. Authors Dr. James C. Howell and Dr. Elizabeth Griffiths introduce readers to theories of gang formation, illustrate various ways of defining and classifying... Learn More

By Faculty

Grundetjern, H. & Miller, J. (2019).  It’s not just the drugs that are difficult to quit:  Women’s drug dealing as a source of empowerment and its implications for crime persistence. British Journal of Criminology, 59(2), 416-434.

Research comparing crime desisters with persistent offenders has tended to find persisters to be a marginalized group who, for personal, interactional and/or structural reasons, are unable to break free from crime. On the basis of in-depth interviews with a group of empowered women drug dealers in Norway, this article suggests that the processes of psychological... Learn More

By Faculty

Hyatt, J.M. & Ostermann, M. (2019). Better to stay home: Evaluating the impact of day reporting centers on offending. Crime & Delinquency, 65(1), 94-121.

This article reports the findings of a quasi-experimental evaluation of community resource centers (CRCs)—nonresidential, day reporting centers employed for recent parolees. CRC participants (n = 2,789), drawn from release cohorts in 2008, 2009, and 2010, were matched using propensity scores to similar parolees who did not participate in CRC programming (n = 16,500). At the... Learn More

By Faculty

Rengifo, A. F. and DeWitt, S. (2019).  Incarceration and personal networks. Unpacking meanings and measures of tie strength. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 35:393-431.

The advent of mass incarceration has reinvigorated calls for a deeper understanding of how the “quality of relationships” is shaped by imprisonment (Travis J, Western B, Redburn S (eds), The growth of incarceration in the United States: exploring causes and consequences, National Academies Press, Washington DC, 2014). We address this issue by describing how imprisonment relates... Learn More

By Faculty, By Students

Rengifo, A.F., Slocum, L.A. and Vijay Chillar (2019). From impressions to intentions.  Direct and indirect effects of police contact on willingness to report crimes to law enforcement.  Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 56:412-450.

Crime reporting intentions have been associated with ratings of police legitimacy and effectiveness. Less is known about the role of personal encounters with police. We explore this issue by specifying associations between reporting intentions and type of contact (involuntary/voluntary), scope (cumulative/recent), and appraisal (respect/satisfaction with last encounter).  This study draws on surveys of young adults... Learn More

By Faculty

Vaughn, T.J., Holleran, L.B., and Silver, J.R. (2019). Applying moral foundations theory to the explanation of capital jurors’ sentencing decisions.  Justice Quarterly 36(7):1176-1205.

This study applies moral foundations theory to capital juror decision making. We hypothesized that binding moral foundations would predict death qualification and punitive sentencing decisions, whereas individualizing moral foundations would be associated with juror disqualification and a leniency effect. Additionally, we considered whether moral foundations can explain differences in death penalty application between conservatives and... Learn More