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Sandy Xie

Research Areas

Mental Health in the Criminal Justice System
Law and Culpability


Sandy Xie started as a Ph.D. student in the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University in the Fall of 2021. She received her B.A. in Criminology with minors in Neuroscience and Sociology from the Pennsylvania State University and her M.S. in Criminology from the University of Pennsylvania.

Sandy’s research interests include neurocriminology, neuroethics, biopsychosocial criminology, law and responsibility, morality, bias and stigma, mental health in the criminal justice system, and public perceptions. In her free time, she loves to play tennis, cook/eat, and is obsessed with all things cats (including her cat Sweet Potato).