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Dr. Robert Apel



Ph.D. and M.A. in Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland; B.A. in Criminology and Spanish, Drury University


Robert Apel (pronounced AY-pull) received his Ph.D. in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Maryland in 2004, and joined Rutgers University-Newark in 2011. His research entails studies in a variety of international contexts. The substantive area in which he has been most active concerns the labor market, which includes research and commentary on the relationship between employment and crime; the impact of criminal justice involvement on long-term employment; the comparative effects of unemployment versus other government benefits on recidivism; and the efficacy of employment-based reentry programs. He has also investigated the consequences of a variety of transitional life events for crime and wellbeing, including experiences related to marriage, military service, victimization, and incarceration. Some of his applied research has evaluated deterrence-focused crime policies, situational counterterrorism interventions, and field experiments to improve procedural justice in police-citizen encounters.

Dr. Apel’s research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Justice, and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. He currently serves on the editorial boards of five leading criminological journals: Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Criminology and Public Policy. He is also an Associate Editor of Journal of Quantitative Criminology.





Recent Publications

Apel, Robert. (2016). The effects of jail and prison confinement on cohabitation and marriage. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 665: 103-126.

Apel, Robert and Julie Horney. (2017). How and why does work matter? Employment conditions, routine activities, and crime among adult male offenders. Criminology 55: 307-343.

Perry, Simon, Robert Apel, Graeme R. Newman, and Ronald V. Clarke. (2017). The situational prevention of terrorism: An evaluation of the Israeli West Bank barrier. Forthcoming in Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Sahin, Nusret, Anthony A. Braga, Robert Apel, and Rod K. Brunson. (2017). The impact of procedurally-just policing on citizen perceptions of police during traffic stops: The Adana randomized controlled trial. Forthcoming in Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

Verbruggen, Janna, Robert Apel, Victor R. van der Geest, and Arjan A. J. Blokland. (2015). Work, income support, and crime in the Dutch welfare state: A longitudinal study following vulnerable youths into adulthood. Criminology53: 545-570.